Professionals urgently sought: Not only the auto industry needs more skilled workers
The heads of Union and SPD have agreed on details for the immigration of skilled workers. This communicated SPD leader Andrea Nahles early Tuesday morning after just under six hours of deliberations in Berlin. Ultimately, this is the first time that Germany is to receive an immigration law that is based on role models such as those in Canada.
There is a compromise in the dispute over a "lane change" between asylum procedures and immigration into the labor market. "On the principle of the separation of asylum and labor migration, we hold firmly," it says in a key issues paper, which is the German Press Agency and will be adopted this Tuesday by the Cabinet. At the same time, however, it is emphasized: "In the right of residence, we will define clear criteria for a reliable status for those who are tolerated and secure their livelihood through their gainful employment and are well integrated."
Essentially, the planned law on skilled labor immigration is about Germany becoming more attractive to qualified international skilled workers. The law is intended to regulate and control their entry into the German labor market. Demand and qualification should be central criteria. Graduations should be recognized faster, learning German should already be facilitated abroad.
"Attracting skilled workers from third countries"
"Experts from abroad are already making an important contribution to the competitiveness of the German economy," emphasizes the key issues paper. Special attention will be paid to skilled workers from the EU. "Now that the high economic growth of recent years has been supported by immigration from member states of the European Union, this migration balance is currently declining and we will do more in future to show long-term opportunities in Germany to skilled workers from the Member States of the European Union," they say in the paper, which goes back to an agreement between Interior Minister Horst Seehofer (CSU) and Labor Minister Hubertus Heil (SPD).
However, all these efforts would not be enough to mobilize enough workers. "In addition, we must therefore be much more successful in attracting qualified specialists from third countries."
There was a dispute to the end of the required by the SPD lane change for rejected, but well-integrated asylum seekers. The Social Democrats want them to stay in Germany under the new immigration law. Above all, the CSU strictly rejected, so that economic refugees are not encouraged to enter.
With the regulation now found, there could be a kind of limited lane change only for tolerated asylum seekers. "We do not want immigration of unqualified third-country nationals", emphasize Union and SPD in the paper. With clear criteria one wants to ensure that regulations can not be abused. The immigration of skilled workers will be geared to the needs of the economy, taking into account "the qualifications, age, language skills, proof of a real job offer and securing the livelihood in an appropriate way." The last point is to prevent immigration into social systems.
For economic reasons, certain occupational groups may also be temporarily excluded by ordinance of the Federal Government. With the economy, recruitment opportunities abroad should be improved and the supply of German courses should be expanded so that the workforce can integrate faster.
la / dpa / Reuters